Dec. 5, 2022
North Korea fired around 130 artillery shells into the eastern and western maritime buffer zones between the two Koreas amid the South Korea-U.S. live-fire drills outside of the buffer zone.
According to the South's Joint Chiefs of Staff, artillery firings from Kumgang County in Kangwon Province and Jangsan Cape in South Hwanghae Province from 2:59 p.m.
South and North Korea set military buffer zones on the ground, sea, and air to reduce accidental conflicts under the inter-Korean military accord(a.k.a Comprehensive Military Agreement, CMA) signed on Sept. 19, 2018.
"At sea, the two sides agreed to cease all live-fire and maritime maneuver exercises within the zone north of Deokjeok-do and south of Cho-do in the West Sea, and within the zone north of Sokcho and south of Tongcheon in the East Sea. The two sides also agreed to install covers on the barrels of coastal artilleries and ship guns and close all gunports within the zones."(Agreement on the Implementation of the Historic Panmunjom Declaration in the Military Domain, 1-②)
These artillery firings are unquestionably a violation of the Sept. 19 military accord.
(source: Yonhap News)
Dec. 6, 2022
North Korea fired about 90 artillery rounds from 10 a.m. through the afternoon from Kosong County in Kangwon Province toward a maritime buffer zone in the East Sea. About 10 more were fired after 6 p.m. from Kumgang County in Kangwon Province. North Korea's provocations were in response to live-fire drills between South Korea and the United States. (source: Yonhap News)
Dec. 18, 2022
North Korea fired two alleged medium-range ballistic missiles(MRBM) from the Tongchang-ri area, North Pyongan Province, between 11:13 a.m. and 12:05 p.m., into the East Sea. On Dec. 17, the North commemorated the 11th anniversary of the death of Kim Jong-il, the former leader, and father of Kim Jong-un. According to the media, the latest saber-rattling could be Pyonyang's reaction to last week's passage of a U.N. resolution calling for global efforts to improve human rights conditions in the North and Japan's endorsement of a key security document embracing "counterstrike capability" that would pave the way for the country to launch a counterattack could be considered.
However, on Dec. 19, North Korea said it conducted a test to develop a reconnaissance satellite. And the North added that it would finish the preparations for the first military reconnaissance satellite by April 2023. (source: Yonhap News, Yonhap News)